Where appropriate, the code draws on relevant parts of existing ILO instruments already, including: occupational safety and health in the iron and steel industry (Geneva, 1983); Safety in the use of chemicals at work (Geneva, 1993); Management issues and drugrelated alcohol in the workplace (Geneva, 1996); Technical and ethical guidelines for workers’ health surveillance (Geneva, 1998); Guidelines on safety management systems and occupational health (Geneva, 2001); Safety in the use of synthetic vitreous fiber insulation wools (glass wool, rock wool, slag wool) (Geneva, 2001); Ambient factors in the workplace (Geneva, 2001); HIV / AIDS and the world of work (Geneva, 2001); and Safety and health in non-ferrous metals industries (Geneva, 2003).
The annexes include information on hazard identification, risk assessment and control and, from relevant ILO instruments, information on workers’ health surveillance, surveillance of the working environment and establishment of OSH management system. As these instruments are updated, the references to them in electronic versions of this code adjusted accordingly. Information on exposure limits and on chemicals used in the iron and steel industry as well. The practical recommendations codes ILO practice intended for the use of all that, in the public and private sectors, responsible for the management of health and safety hazards of occupational specific (eg chemicals, heat, noise and vibration), sectors of activity (eg forestry, mining), or equipment. Not intended Codes of practice to replace national laws or regulations or accepted standards. They are drawn up with the objective of a directive, in accordance with the provisions of national laws and regulations, to all those who may be engaged, through social dialogue, in the framing of provisions of this kind or in programs layout prevention and protection at the national or enterprise levels.
They are addressed in particular to governmental and public authorities, employers and workers and their organizations as well as management and safety and health committees in related enterprises. Codes of practice are primarily designed as a basis for prevention and protective measures and are considered as ILO technical standards in occupational safety and health. They contain general principles and specific guidance which concern in particular the surveillance of the working environment and the health of workers; education and training; record keeping; the role and duties of the authorities, employers, workers, manufacturers and suppliers of competent; and consultation and cooperation. Should the provisions of this code of practice to read in the context of the conditions in the country proposing to use the existing guidance, the scale of operation involved and technical possibilities. In this regard, the needs of developing countries are also included.